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  FRAGMENT and PANDEMONIUM Science in the News
   
ancient water 2.6 BILLION-YEAR-OLD WATER FOUND IN DEEP MINE MAY, 15 2013
One and a half miles beneath the surface of Earth in a Canadian mine, researchers have found pockets of water in rocks that have been isolated from the surface for some two billion years. The chemistry of the water could support life, the team reports today in the journal Nature -- a tantalizing discovery that raises the possibility that life-supporting water might also lie in similar kinds of rocks deep beneath the surface of Mars.
   
sponge GLOW-IN-THE-DARK COCKROACH AMONG TOP 10 NEW SPECIES MAY, 24 2013
"For decades, we have averaged 18,000 species discoveries per year which seemed reasonable before the biodiversity crisis. Now, knowing that millions of species may not survive the 21st century, it is time to pick up the pace," Quentin Wheeler, founding director of the International Institute for Species Exploration at ASU, said in a statement. "We are calling for a NASA-like mission to discover 10 million species in the next 50 years," Wheeler added.
   
 spider lesula spider roach crab chameleon
frog TOP SPECIES DISCOVERIES IN 2012DECEMBER, 26 2012
Thousands of species were described for the first time by scientists in 2012. Some of these were 'cryptic species' that were identified after genetic analysis distinguished them from closely related species, while others were totally novel. Either way, here are some of the "new species" highlights from 2012.
   
protist STRANGE ORGANISM HAS UNIQUE ROOTS IN THE TREE OF LIFEAPRIL 29,2012
A single-celled organism in Norway has been called "mankind's furthest relative." It is so far removed from the organisms we know that researchers claim it belongs to a new base group, called a kingdom, on the tree of life. "We have found an unknown branch of the tree of life that lives in this lake. It is unique! So far we know of no other group of organisms that descend from closer to the roots of the tree of life than this species," study researcher Shalchian-Tabrizi, of the University of Oslo, in Norway, said in a statement.
   
rat infest ISLAND OF MONTECRISTO TO BE BOMBED WITH RAT POISON AFTER RAT INFESTATION—JANUARY 15, 2012
Authorities are planning to use aircraft to bombard the island with poison pellets in a bid to tackle the infestation. Biologists estimate that there is one rat for every square yard of the island and say they pose  a grave threat to the ecology of the nature reserve, which is part of a scattered archipelago of islands off Tuscany.
   
hairy ant HAIRY, CRAZY ANTS INVADE FROM TEXAS TO MISSISSIPPI—OCTOBER 3, 2011
It sounds like a horror movie: Biting ants invade by the millions. A camper's metal walls bulge from the pressure of ants nesting behind them. A circle of poison stops them for only a day, and then a fresh horde shows up, bringing babies. Stand in the yard, and in seconds ants cover your shoes. It's an extreme example of what can happen when the ants — which also can disable huge industrial plants — go unchecked. Controlling them can cost thousands of dollars. But the story is real, told by someone who's been studying ants for a decade.
   
leaping roach A ROACH WITH THE REACH OF A GRASSHOPPER—DECEMBER 12, 2011
Just four-tenths of an inch long, it can jump up to 50 body lengths in a single jump. The cockroach has large hind legs that make up 20 percent of its body weight. Its bulging eyes provide a broad field of vision that is useful while landing, said one of the study’s authors, Mike Picker, an entomologist at the University of Cape Town. “The knee of the hind legs contains the elastic protein resilin,” he said. “This probably restores the shape of the leg, which is bent during the forces of jumping.” The leaproach “out competes locusts, which can only manage to jump 20 times body length,” Dr. Picker said.
   
wostok WITH 30 METERS LEFT TO DRILL, SCIENTISTS LEAVE SUBTERRANEAN LAKE VOSTOK FOR THE WINTER, AMID CONTROVERSY—FEBRUARY 9, 2011
   
first life DAVID ATTENBOROUGH'S "FIRST LIFE" SERIES—OCTOBER 28, 2010
"In his new documentary, Sir David Attenborough explores themes fans of FRAGMENT will be amazed by, including theories, specimens and fossil evidence that tell the story of evolution, and an extended feature on the extraordinary mantis shrimp that plays such a thematic role in the life of Henders Island. If you enjoy my work, please watch ANYTHING that David Attenborough is associated with, but this special in particular will enlighten you to a special part of life’s miraculous evolution. David Attenborough is undoubtedly the hippest biologist on the planet Earth, even if he is 84 years old!"—Warren Fahy
   
red_crab THE AMAZING RED CRABMIGRATION  OF CHRISTMAS ISLAND—APRIL 5, 2010
   
snailfish NEW SPECIES OF FISH DISCOVERED NEARLY 5 MILES DEEP—OCTOBER 11, 2010
“Our findings, which revealed diverse and abundant species at depths previously thought to be void of fish, will prompt a rethink into marine populations at extreme depths,” said Jamieson, who led researchers from Japan and New Zealand in the project.
   
mongosse-like NEW SPECIES OF 'MONGOOSE-LIKE' CARNIVORE FOUND IN MADAGASCAR—OCTOBER 11, 2010
   
amphipods ANTARCTIC SEAS EXPLODE WITH DISCOVERY—DECEMBER 9, 2010
As part of the landmark Census of Marine Life(COML), a $650 million, worldwide, decade-long effort to catalogue the creatures that live in the planet's oceans, 19 different voyages collected samples from more than 2,000 locations around Antarctica. In the process, researchers inventoried 16,000 Antarctic species that are new to science.
   
hairy crab STUNNING PHOTOS FROM 10-YEAR SEA CENSUS—OCTOBER 6, 2010
The project's 500-plus expeditions have amassed a visual legacy as unique as the organisms uncovered.
   
mekong fish 208 NEW SPECIES IDENTIFIED IN MEKONG RIVER REGION—OCTOBER 6,2010
A new monkey, a self-cloning skink, five carnivorous plants, and a unique leaf warbler are among the 208 species newly described by science in the Greater Mekong region in 2010 and highlighted in a new WWF report, Wild Mekong.
   
pink eye SCIENTISTS FIND 200 NEW SPECIES IN PAPUA NEW GUINEA—OCTOBER 6, 2010
The rugged, mountainous and largely inaccessible terrain meant biologists had not even been able to enter some regions and there were large areas of New Guinea that are unexplored biologically. Sample animals were taken of a number of species and genetic testing had confirmed that they were not related to any known creature.
   
bed bug BEDBUGS STAGE A COMBACK IN US, EUROPE—MAY 13, 2004
In parts of London bedbug infestations have risen tenfold since 1996, Boase says. In the U.S. the National Pest Management Association reports a 500 percent increase in bedbug numbers in the last few years.
   
stink bug INVASIVE SPECIES STINK BUG THREATENS US FOOD CROPS—OCTOBER 6, 2010
There is a very real possibility for millions of dollars in damage to the United States’ food supply, a large percentage of which is grown in California’s central valley. Unless effective monitoring methods, preventive measures and controls are developed soon, this infestation could result in serious shortages, higher prices, and more dependence on foreign imports.
   
zebramap ZEBRA MUSSELS FOUND IN GULL LAKE—OCTOBER 6, 2010
   
asian carp CANADA TO FIGHT BACK AGAINST INVASIVE FISHOCTOBER 6, 2010
The carp have been making their way north since the 1970s and are now within 25 miles of Lake Michigan. Two electrical force fields are in place to stave them off, but scientists fear that once a few carp breach the blocks, the population will rapidly multiply.
   
  ASIAN CARP THREAT IN GREAT LAKES VERY REALSEPTEMBER 13, 2010
"If we don't act quickly and effectively, I think the risk is very high that we will have full fledged invasions." says David Lodge, a scientist from Notre Dame.
   
killer shrimp KILLER SHRIMP ATTACK BRISTISH SHRIMP, THREATEN ECOSYSTEMSEPTEMBER 14, 2010
"It tends to aggressively pursue its prey, often leaving it dead but uneaten. It is known to have caused the extinction of several other species in other areas."
   
  A DEEP OCEAN WALLACE LINE?AUGUST 7, 2010
A joint American-Indonesian expedition is finding new species in the Coral Triangle at an amazing rate.
   
new life THE MOST BIZARRE LIFE STORY ON EARTHAPRIL 28, 2010
There's no question that discovering a new species is very cool. But how about discovering a new phylum?
   
  GENE RESEARCH REVEALS FOURTH HUMAN SPECIESMARCH 24, 2010
A fourth type of hominid, besides Neanderthals, modern humans and the tiny “hobbit”, was living as recently as 40,000 years ago, according to research published in the journal Nature. The discovery by Svante Pääbo and colleagues at the Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology in Leipzig, Germany, is based on DNA sequences from a finger bone fragment discovered in a Siberian cave.
   
gaga SCIENTISTS GO 'GAGA' TO FIND CREATURES BENEATH 600 FEET OF ICEMARCH 15, 2010
In a surprising discovery about where higher life can thrive, scientists for the first time found a shrimp-like creature and a jellyfish frolicking beneath a massive Antarctic ice sheet. Six hundred feet below the ice where no light shines, scientists had figured nothing much more than a few microbes could exist.
   
blood falls SIGN OF THE APOCALYPSE:  BLOOD WATERFALLSMARCH 2, 2010
It’s always surprising when an entirely alien ecosystem is found on Earth. It makes me hopeful that when we start to explore other planets, we’ll find life in splendid and incredible varieties. Nature is clever, vast, and has had a long long time in the lab to experiment. If we can find things so alien in a place so familiar, what will happen when we explore a truly alien world?
   
giant rat 60 NEW SPECIES DISCOVERED ISOLATED INSIDE 2-MILE WIDE VOLCANIC CRATER IN PAPUA NEW GUINEA
SEPTEMBER 7, 2009
A lost world populated by fanged frogs, grunting fish and tiny bear-like creatures has been discovered in a remote volcanic crater on the Pacific island of Papua New Guinea. A team of scientists from Britain, the United States and Papua New Guinea found more than 40 previously unidentified species when they climbed into the kilometre-deep crater of Mount Bosavi and explored a pristine jungle habitat teeming with life that has evolved in isolation since the volcano last erupted 200,000 years ago.
   
pit viper GREATER MEKONG: MORE THAN 1000 NEW SPECIES DISCOVERED—DECEMBER 15, 2008
“Who knows what else is out there waiting to be discovered, but what is clear is that there is plenty more where this came from,” said Chapman.
   
  REPORT ON IMPACT OF INVASIVE SPECIES IN 57 COUNTRIES RELEASED—JANUARY 26, 2010
Invasive alien species have been measured for the first time in a large scale study that included 57 countries across the globe. The Global Invasive Species Programme (GISP) has released a report showing that, on average, each country has 50 non-native species that are harming the biodiversity in that country. From invasive rats causing the extinction of bird species, to the spread of chytridiomycosis - a pathogenic fungus, the results of the study are illuminating, and worrisome.
   
see-thru-frog 30 NEW SPECIES DISCOVERED IN MOUNTAINS OF ECUADOR—JANUARY 15, 2010
One look at a newly discovered species of gecko, small enough at its full-grown size to rest comfortably on the eraser of a pencil, and it's difficult not to be mesmerized by the seemingly boundless forms of biological diversity—while simultaneously reminded of its fragility.
   
giant spider GIANT NEW SPIDER SPECIES DISCOVERED—JANUARY 19, 2010
"The new discovery shows how much we still have to investigate, and that there are likely to be many more species that are unknown to us," said Shanas.
   
  INVASIVE SPECIES THREAT GROWING GLOBALLY, EXPERTS WARN—JANUARY 22, 2010
"This shows that although we are winning some battles in the fight against invasive species, current evidence suggests that we are losing the war."
   
  SNAILS MOVE SLOW BUT EVOLVE FAST IN ISOLATION—JANUARY 26, 2010
...snails and similar slow-movers may split into new species more rapidly because they are more likely to love those close by, rather than go the distance for a long-distance relationship.
   
bobbit “HOBBIT” SPECIES ON ISLAND OF FLORES HAD SPECIALIZED BRAIN—JANUARY 27, 2010
"Our analysis, together with studies of brain size in island populations of living primates, suggests we should perhaps not be surprised by the evolution of a small brained, small bodied early human species."
   
  USDA AWARDS MORE THAN $4 MILLION INVASIVE SPECIES RESEARCH GRANTS—JANUARY 21, 2010
"Invasive plants and animals are a major threat to food and fiber production, costing U.S. producers between $7 billion and $27 billion per year, but by doing research on controlling and managing weedy and invasive species we help protect the productivity of America's farmers and ranchers," said Merrigan.
   
  BACTERIA FOUND THRIVING BENEATH ARCTIC GLACIER—APRIL 16, 2009
"Among the big questions here are: 'How does an ecosystem function below glaciers?', 'How are they able to persist below hundreds of meters of ice and live in permanently cold and dark conditions for extended periods of time, in the case of Blood Falls, over millions of years?"
   
  THE VEXING BUGS IN THE GLOBAL TRADING SYSTEM—JANUARY 15, 2010
The yearly economic impact of invasive species in the U.S. is estimated at $133.6 billion, according to a study in Agricultural and Resource Economics Review in 2006.
   
   
 
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